( Also see more on this here. )

A. Classification of angels :

1. Elect

Hab 1:13

Thine eyes are too pure to approve evil, and Thou canst not look on wickedness with favor. Why dost Thou look

1 Tim 5:21

I solemnly charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of His chosen angels, to maintain these principles without bias, doing nothing in a spirit of partiality.

Mark 8:38

"For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this adulterous and sinful generation, the Son of Man will also be ashamed of him when He comes in the glory of His Father with the holy angels."

2. Non-elect

Matt 25:41

"Then He will also say to those on His left, 'Depart from Me, accursed ones, into the eternal fire which has been prepared for the devil and his angels;

Rev 12:7

And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. And the dragon and his angels waged war,

Luke 8:2

and also some women who had been healed of evil spirits and sicknesses: Mary who was called Magdalene, from whom seven demons had gone out,

1 Tim 3:6

and not a new convert, lest he become conceited and fall into the condemnation incurred by the devil.

B. What caused Lucifer's rebellion ?

Angels are individually separate creations of God. They do not procreate. Mt. 22:28-30

1. First note who it is that created angels :

Col 1:16-17

For by Him ( Christ ) all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities-- all things have been created by Him and for Him. And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.

John 1:1-3

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being by Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. ( Christ )

Hab 1:13

Thine eyes are too pure to approve evil, and Thou canst not look on wickedness with favor. Why dost Thou look


The Impeccability ( not capable of sinning ) of Christ

Because Christ is the God-Man He could not be tempted to sin. He is 100% God & 100% Man.

The sinless nature of the whole person of Christ:

Heb 1:3

And He is the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature ( hupostaseos speaks of the unique union of Christ's deity & humanity in one person forever - the hypostatic union), and upholds all things by the word of His power. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high;

2 Cor 5:21

He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

1 Jn 3:5

And you know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin.

1 Pet 2:22

who committed no sin
, nor was any deceit found in His mouth;

Christ's temptation is totally apart from sin.

Heb 4:14-16

Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore draw near with confidence to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and may find grace to help in time of need.

V. 15 "who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses "-- Greek, "cannot sympathize with our infirmities": our weaknesses, physical and moral (not sin, but liability to its assaults). He, though sinless, can sympathize with us sinners; His understanding more acutely perceived the forms of temptation than we who are weak can; His will repelled them as instantaneously as the fire does the drop of water cast into it. He, therefore, experimentally knew what power was needed to overcome temptations. He is capable of sympathizing, for He was at the same time tempted without sin, and yet truly tempted .

In Him alone we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances. In sympathy He adapts himself to each, as if He had not merely taken on Him man's nature in general, but also the peculiar nature of that single individual.

without sin
--Greek, "choris," "totally, wholly, apart & separate from sin" (Heb 7:26). If the Greek "aneu" had been used, sin would have been regarded as the object absent from Christ the subject; but choris here implies that Christ, the subject, is regarded as separated from sin the object. Thus, throughout His temptations in their origin, process, and result, sin had nothing in Him; He was apart and separate from it.


Compare :

Heb 2:18

For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.


James 1:13-14

Let no one say when he is tempted, "I am being tempted by God"; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He Himself does not tempt anyone. But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust.

V. 13. when . . . tempted--tried by solicitation to evil. Previously in this chapter the "temptation" meant was that of trial by afflictions. Let no one think that God lays upon him an inevitable necessity of sinning. God does not send trials on us in order to make us worse, but to make us better (Jas 1:16,17). We need not sink under the pressure of evil (1Co 10:13).

by God--by agency proceeding from God. The Greek is not "tempted by," but, "from," implying indirect agency.

cannot be tempted with evil, --"Neither do any of our sins tempt God to entice us to worse things, nor does He tempt any of His own accord" (literally, "of Himself"; compare the antithesis, Jas 1:18, "Of His own will He begot us" to holiness, so far is He from tempting us of His own will).

God is said in Gen. 22:1 to have "tempted Abraham"; but there the tempting meant is that of trying or proving, not that of seducing. This can be translated according to the ordinary sense of the Greek, "God is totally unversed in evil".

Results of Christ's Impeccability :

1. His testing proved His sinlessness

2. His testing demonstrates Him to be a sympathetic high priest



2. The moral choice of angels ( See Addendum )
They were created as untested, unconfirmed holy creatures, perfect and in perfect surroundings. ( Compare to Adam & Eve's situation )

Ezek 28:12-17

"Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "You had the seal of perfection, full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. "You were in Eden, the garden of God; every precious stone was your covering: the ruby, the topaz, and the diamond; the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper; the lapis lazuli, the turquoise, and the emerald; and the gold, the workmanship of your settings and sockets, was in you. On the day that you were created they were prepared. "You were the anointed cherub who covers, and I placed you there. You were on the holy mountain of God; you walked in the midst of the stones of fire. "You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created, until unrighteousness was found in you. "By the abundance of your trade you were internally filled with violence, and you sinned; therefore I have cast you as profane from the mountain of God. And I have destroyed you, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. "Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor. I cast you to the ground; I put you before kings, that they may see you.

Isa 14:12-15

"How you have fallen from heaven, O star of the morning, son of the dawn! You have been cut down to the earth, you who have weakened the nations! "But you said in your heart, 'I will ascend to heaven; I will raise my throne above the stars of God, and I will sit on the mount of assembly in the recesses of the north. 'I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.' "Nevertheless you will be thrust down to Sheol, to the recesses of the pit.

At some point in time with unexplained origin, evil thoughts of pride influenced Satan to exercise his will over God's. Isa 14:12-17; 1 Tim 3:6 ( also note Rev. 12:9,10 - Satan is cast out of heaven in the middle of the tribulation. )

At any rate, Satan's evil act brought him pending destruction. He was no longer a holy angel. His future was for all that is evil. Those who were part of this rebellion have no chance of redemption. They are now permanently confirmed in their eternal state of unholiness. They failed the test. See Mt. 25:41

Consider :

John 16:8-11

"And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin, and righteousness, and judgment; concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you no longer behold Me; and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.

Col 2:14-15

having canceled out the certificate of debt consisting of decrees against us and which was hostile to us; and He has taken it out of the way, having nailed it to the cross.When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.

Heb 2:14-18

Since then the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless him who had the power of death, that is, the devil; and might deliver those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives. For assuredly He does not give help to angels, but He gives help to the descendant of Abraham. Therefore, He had to be made like His brethren in all things, that He might become a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.


"In the study of this moral problem certain facts emerge. It is clear that God in creating angels and men created them as moral creatures with the power of choice. The sin problem is present when a moral creature chooses sin instead of righteousness. This is the explanation for the fall of angels and the fall of men." ( Chafer )

"Scripture's revelation of Satan's fall, man's fall, and the ensuing angelic conflict envelops us in things far beyond our comprehension. Nevertheless, the Bible teaches that God created the angels and man. As suggested by the fellowship that can be observed in the Trinity between the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, God's very being necessitated that He bring forth creatures for fellowship, but He did not create these creatures as robots who have no choice. There would be no fellowship or glory with a mechanical robot that had no choice. God gave both angels and human beings personalities with intellect, emotion, and volition. By the exercise of this personality, both mankind and angels could have fellowship with God and bring glory to Him. But, though created perfect and without sin, freedom of choice also meant the possibility, known from eternity by God, that Satan and mankind could choose against God, which both did. So why did God allow it? Perhaps the answer lies in the aftermath of sin since God's glory is displayed even more. Just as nothing displays the splendor of a diamond in the light more than a backdrop of black velvet, so nothing could display the glory of God's mercy, goodness, grace, and love as much as the blackness of man's sin." ( Keathley,III )

by Dave Smith, D.Min.
Spring, TX