WHAT IS GOD LIKE?
(STUDY OF GOD)
I. DOES GOD EXIST?
"The universe is an effect that requires an adequate cause, and the only sufficient cause is God." (Rom.1:20; Ps 19:1)
"The universe not only proves a maker but also a designer. There is observable purpose in the universe that argues for the existence of God as its designer." (Gen. 1:11-12, 14-15; Acts l4:15-17).
"Since man is a moral and intellectual being, he must have had a maker who is also a moral and intelligent being. Man’s moral nature, religious instincts, conscience, and emotional nature argue for existence of God" (Ps 94:9, Acts 17:28-29; Rom 2:14-15).
"Man has the idea of the Most Perfect Being. This idea includes the idea of existence, since a being, otherwise perfect, who did not exist would not be as perfect as a perfect being who did exist. Therefore, since the idea of existence is contained in the idea of the Most Perfect Being, the Most Perfect Being must exist" (Rom 1:19; Deut 32:3-4).
III. WHAT IS GOD LIKE?
"Most systems of classifying the attributes are based on the fact that some attributes belong to God alone (e.g., infinity) and some are found in a limited and relative sense in man (e.g., love); thus, incommunicable and communicable; absolute and relative; immanent and transitive; constitutional and those pertaining to personality."
C. Attributes of God (Incommunicable)
1. Omniscient - [All knowing; Lat.- omnis = all, scientia = knowledge]
a. Defn. – (infinite and perfect knowledge) "God knows everything, things actual and possible, effortlessly and equally well". - Ryrie.
b. Scripture - Isa.46:10; Acts 15:18; Ps.147:4
2. Omnipotent - [All powerful; Lat. - omnis = all, potentia = power]
a. Defn. – (infinite and unlimited power) "God is able to accomplish anything He designs or desires, and it will not be contrary to His nature".
b. Scripture - Gen.1:1; Gen.18:14; Eph 3:20
3. Omnipresent – [Everywhere present; omnis = all, praesens = present]
a. Defn. – (Present everywhere all the time) "God is everywhere present with His whole being at all times".
b. Scripture - Gen.16:3; 1 Ki.8:27; Jer.23:23-24.
1) Omniscience (1-6)
2) Omnipresence (7-12)
4. Eternal - [always existed]
a. Defn. - "God is without beginning or end……God is free from all succession of time though He is the author of it". - Gibson
b. Scripture - Ps.90:2; Gen.21:33; Ex.3:14; Rom.16:26
D. Attributes of God (Communicable)
1. Holiness - [to be set apart; Heb. - quadash; Grk. - hagios]
a. Defn. - "God is set apart from all uncleanness, impurity and is completely moral in all things". - Gibson
b. Scripture - Isa.6:1-3; Ps.99:1,3,5,9; 1 Pet.1:14-16
2. Righteousness/Justice [rightness, judicially right]
a. Defn. - (righteousness) - "God’s laws and actions are exactly right". - House
"The legal term that refers to Divine government...". Gibson. (justice) - "God does not show favoritism; He has moral equity".
b. Scripture - Ps.11:7; 19;9; Acts 17:31; Rom.3:26; 4:5,6
3. Truthfulness - [truthful, genuine] -
a. Defn. - "God cannot act out of His character or deceitfully". -Gibson "The quality of God that guarantees that He is genuine as God". "Truth means agreement to that which is represented". - Ryrie
4. Love [self-sacrificial giving]
a. Defn. - "The quality in God which moves Him to give of Himself and His gifts...". - Gibson
"God seeks the highest good of humans at His own infinite cost". - House
b. Scripture - Ps.103:17; Jn.3:16; Rom.5:8; Rom.8:35-39 (cp. Jn.21:15-17)
IV. WHAT DOES GOD CALL HIMSELF?
Root signifies "existence" and "development" (action). Together = "The Active Self-Existent One". (He actively exists and relies upon no one but Himself.)
It is a name of relationship between the true God and His people an, when used, emphasizes God’s holiness, hatred of sin, and love of sinners.
f. Compound Names
1) First name in the Bible (Gen.1:1)
2) Plurality of Attributes
3) Plurality of Persons (Gen.1:26,27; 3:5)
4) 2,570 times in O.T.
b. Meaning (Reverential Strong One)
1) Derivative of Power = Strong One
2) Derivative of Fear = Reverence
"He is the Strong One who is faithful to all of His covenants and is to be reverenced and feared because of who He is." - J.B.Jackson
c. Scriptures - Genesis 1; Isa.45:18; Gen.28:10-15; Ps. 86:15
d. Compound Names (Prefix and Suffix el = God)
a. Plural - of majesty like Elohim.
b. Meaning - Lord, lord, master, owner.
V. WHAT IS THE TRINITY?
There is only one God, but in the unity of the Godhead there are three eternal and coequal Persons, the same in substance but distinct in subsistence.
VI. THE FATHER
4. Disciplinarian of His children (Heb. 12:9).